Appropriate Technologies for Inclusive Development
In the current neo-capitalism era, the gap between the rich region and the poorer ones is getting bigger. Such unbalanced wealth distribution increases the regional tensions, from which several regions become politically and economically unstable and are triggering local conflicts or regional war. The resulting impacts would include (1) increased fears of terrorism, (2) illegal immigrations, and (3) the hike of the security expenses in the rest of the world. The Inclusive Development aims at reducing the gap between the low and high income communities, e.g. developing vs. developed countries, the rich and the poor within an individual region. It shall provide low-income communities with access to capacity development and sustainable environment as well as health and welfare benefits. Following from a successful introduction of the Appropriate Technology Camp in EKC2016, this year, the Inclusive Development group organises the EKC2017 Science Camp and 4 technical sessions ; Session 1 Biogas Technology for Resource Efficient Society (Jointly hosted with the Energy and Environment Group) Session 2 Improvement of the habitation environment using in-situ earth brick technology (Jointly hosted with the Architects Group) Session 3 Smart Agriculture and its impact on our society Session 4 Appropriate Technology as both scientific training and practical solutions
Date / Time 2017-07-27 16:30   --   18:10
Room E5
Conveners / Chairs
  • DR. TRIOLO, Jin Mi (Associate Professor, Dept. of Chemical Eng., Biotechnology and Environmental Technology, University of Southern Denmark) CONVENER
  • DR. SHIN, Hyun Yong (Department of Molecular Microbiology, University of Groningen) COCHAIR
Synopsis
Simple and unheated household scale biogas digesters have been widely spread throughout Asia e.g., China, India, etc., and they have started to become popular in a part of Africa as well, mainly for heating and cooking purposes. Besides use of energy, avoiding deforestation by replacing firewood, minimizing hygienic risk to e.g. drinking water, soil etc., caused by pathogens in fresh manure and improving fertilizer values through biogas digesters, are noteworthy benefits. To date millions of simple biogas digesters have been built in low income developing countries. In Asia, more than 30 million biogas digesters are now in use, however due to slow growth rate of microorganisms, biogas production in Northern Asia, especially during the winter season when the thermometer goes below 20 °C, suffers from low biogas production. Likewise, the simple unheated digesters are fully functional in tropical or subtropical climate zones, and as a consequence, constructing biogas digesters is more optimal in Africa compared to colder regions, having a significant potential accordingly. In contrast to industrial biogas plants with advanced technology, which are commonly found in Europe, household type digesters require a simple technique of operation with low initial investment and no running cost. In Europe several political and technological lessons have been made from years of failures since the start of biogas production in the 1970’s. The current production has become economically robust with matured experiences, resulting in a dramatic expansion of biogas plants especially in Northern Europe e.g., Germany and Denmark, where the focus lies on replacing natural gas by upgrading biogas to bio-methane for vehicle fuel use. On the other hand, the biogas status in Korea is facing inappropriate regulatory restrictions, barriers in commercialization, together with technical immaturities. Overcoming these barriers present a great challenge, as long-term coherent bioenergy strategies are simply missing. Therefore, experiences from Europe from years of progress and setbacks are believed to be valuable for integration of real-life biogas production in Africa. This knowledge will also benefit the biogas status in Korea, where efforts of transmitting the know-how are of great importance. This session will share experiences and identify challenges and barriers and will further discuss practical issues of building biogas digesters with diverse key players. Potentials in collaboration in education of students and transition of simple biogas techniques will be extensively discussed. The session will be composed of poster presentations, oral presentations and an extensive panel discussion.
Speakers
  • PROF. EJLERTSSON, Jörgen (Scandinavian Biogas Fuels AB Dept. of Thematic Studies - Environmental Change Linköping University) [ 16:30 - 16:55 ]
    Title: Biogas production in Scandinavia (tentative)
  • PROF. EDWIGES, Thiago Edwiges (Federal University of Technology / Parana / Brazil) [ 17:20 - 17:45 ]
    Title: Renewable energy in Brazil: a study about the potential for biogas production
Date / Time 2017-07-28 13:30   --   15:10
Room E8
Conveners / Chairs
  • MR. LEE, Seung-ho (General Director at Groupe ZI:UM, Paris France) CONVENER
  • MISS. HYUN, So Young (Senior Consultant at Mitie Energy) CHAIR
Synopsis
The building and construction sector is of key importance to the development of Africa and the wellbeing of its population. Africa can fulfil the demand for a built environment that meets the needs of Africa people through the application of sustainable building and construction concepts. Sustainable building and construction is important for the region and can offer potential to improve the health of people and the environment in surrounding areas as well as reduce the effect of poverty by upgrading unplanned settlements. The building sector is one of the three consumption clusters – housing, transportation and food – that have been identified by life-cycle studies as the most important in terms of their environmental burden. Activities falling within the ‘shelter’ category, specifically the building sector, account for some 40% of overall energy use and associated greenhouse gas emissions, and a majority of material resource use. Accordingly, the sector offers a substantial emissions reduction potential at low or no cost. On the basis sustainable construction should become the rule and not the exception. It is essential to create buildings that are efficient with resources, affordable to build and operate, good to inhabit and appropriate to the context based on different areas of Africa. It would contribute to employment generation and community participation when one considers that physical structures are created by people and communities. To make it happen, knowledge and skills development are fundamental requirements for enabling sustainable construction and building practices. To undertake construction in a more sustainable way raw materials used in the process should harmonize with the physical and functional characteristics of local ecosystems. Finally, sustainable building and construction will require a life-cycle thinking approach that considers all aspects of the construction and building life cycle, beginning from the supply of the raw materials and passing through construction, use – including refurbishment – and demolition of physical structures. This session will introduce background and process of Earth Architecture Design Workshop organized by I-Dream plus a number of sustainable design and construction activities conducted in Chad and will also analyses lesson-learned and potential application of those lessons from those projects.
Speakers
  • MR. PARK, Geunsun (I-DREAM) [ 13:30 - 13:50 ]
    Title: Background and basic direction of soil construction in Chad
  • MISS. SONG, Hakyoung (Arts et Metiers ParisTech) [ 13:50 - 14:10 ]
    Title: A user-centered design approach for earth architecture project in Chad, Africa
  • MR. JEONG, Hyunseung (Leonard Design Architects) [ 14:10 - 14:30 ]
    Title: Affordable rammed earth housing prototype in Chad
  • MISS. JUNG, Misoo (Ecole de Paris-Malaquais) [ 14:30 - 14:50 ]
    Title: Modular Architecture for self-help housing with sustainable material earth in Chad
  • MR. ESHTIAGHI, Amir (ASCE) [ 14:50 - 15:10 ]
    Title: Structure Analysis of Compressed Soil Bricks Masonry Structure
Date / Time 2017-07-28 16:30   --   18:10
Room E8
Conveners / Chairs
  • DR. CHOI, Kevin Kyeong-il (President, I-DREAM) CONVENER
Synopsis
Aiming at Inclusive Development in the world, the experts are more and more looking into the appropriate technology based smart agriculture. The smart agriculture can be considered as an extensive smart work application, where IT, Robotics, Sensor technologies are jointly applied to the biology and agricultural technologies. The smart agriculture, in large sense should not only incorporate the “culture” of corps or domestic animals, but also their distribution and consumption area. With the help of such multidisciplinary joint cooperation, the smart agriculture is expect to bring an efficiency of consumed energy per harvest unit and an increased independency and sustainability of the agriculture population. This session aims to look at the current trend of the smart agriculture and its implication in the rural communities including those within the developing countries. In addition, the participants will be asked to joint in the debate on the social impact of such technology driven agriculture, which in some countries is already qualified as a new “industrial revolution in the field of the agriculture”. This session invites speakers who are willing to present in the following discussion subjects (though not just limited to them); - The current trend in the smart agriculture and its associated technology development - The social impact induced from such technology driven agriculture - The expected evolution of the producer – distributor – consumer relationship - Lessons learnt from experiences
Speakers
  • MR. EHRLICH, James (ReGen Villages, B.V.) [ 16:30 - 17:15 ]
    Title: RegenVillages – Integrated village designs for thriving regenerative communities
  • DR. SON, Muntak (Joy Institute of Technology) [ 17:15 - 17:40 ]
    Title: An open-source smart farm training kit for developing countries.
  • DR. SHIM, Chang-hyun (Alpha MOS S.A.) [ 17:40 - 18:10 ]
    Title: Community farming for a sustainable society
Date / Time 2017-07-29 09:00   --   10:30
Room M1
Conveners / Chairs
  • DR. KIM, Eunjung (CR1 Researcher, CNRS, France) CONVENER
Synopsis
Many issues in developing countries require technical/scientific support. However, the communities in need often lack necessary resources such as trained technicians, laboratories equipped for experiments, materials, access to references and experts. Maintaining installed technology appliances is tricky for the same reasons. In such circumstances, applying high-end or frontier technology is an impractical approach and in contrast, appropriate technology provides a viable platform for aiding in scientific/technological support. On the other hand, small-scale science projects and experiments are carried out on a daily basis in classrooms and laboratories. In this session, we propose to bring together the experiences of small-scale science projects and its applicability for resolving real-life issues. For application, we especially pay attention to the issues that require technical treatment, such as clean water, in developing countries. The purpose of this session is to revisit our scientific training in classrooms and small laboratories with a deliberate intention for applicability in real-world issues. In this way, young scientist can be encouraged to take a broader perspective on their training. Moreover, developed appropriate technology can actually serve to improve the circumstances of communities in need. Eventually, we want that the young scientists in developing countries shall devise solutions themselves, which can begin from learning science and technology, and applying them for solving issues in their own communities. The session is intended as a showcase for these two aspects of appropriate technology: a fertilizer for science education and a practical solution for issues in impoverished communities.
Speakers
  • MR. JEON, Jaesu (I-DREAM) [ 09:00 - 09:35 ]
    Title: Smart Agriculture
  • MR. KWAK, Donggeun (Seoul National University) [ 09:35 - 10:00 ]
    Title: Development of Rainwater Appropriate Technology of Version 2016 in Vietnam and a Strategic Model for Stable Expansion
  • MS. SON, Ahyun (Wanbang High School) [ 10:00 - 10:30 ]
    Title: A simple biotoxicity analyzer using an usb microscope and image processing software for quantifying water pollution