Doochul Kim

Professor Doochul Kim is an Emeritus Professor of Physics at Seoul National University, Korea and the current president of the Institute for Basic Science (IBS), Daejeon, Korea. In 1970, he received his B.S. in electronics engineering from Seoul National University, and four year later earned his Ph.D. in electrical engineering in the U.S. from Johns Hopkins University.

After three years’ postdoctoral research in the field of statistical physics at both New York University and the University of Melbourne, he returned to Korea to undertake a position as a professor at the Department of Physics within Seoul National University and remained in that position until retirement in 2010.

Over the course of his academic career, Professor Kim focused on various statistical physics problems, including phase transitions and critical phenomena, exactly solvable models, highway traffic flow, characterization and structures of complex networks as well as modelling and dynamics on complex networks.

In 2010, he joined the Korea Institute for Advanced Study (KIAS), serving as president for three years. In the autumn of 2014, Professor Kim was announced as the second president of IBS, a young government-funded basic research institution established in 2011.

Plenary Title: "Basic Research Policy in Korea" Issues and Challenges

South Korea has so far achieved a rapid economic growth mainly thanks to its “fast-follower” strategy for R&D, but currently South Korea is facing new paradigm shift to become a “first mover” and enhance the quality of its R&D. This presentation will provide a brief overview of current status of basic research policy in South Korea and share the vision of Institute for Basic Science which is the first dedicated basic science research institute in South Korea.

Jong Guk Song

Jong Guk SONG has been the president of the Science and Technology Policy Institute(STEPI) since 2011. His career as a researcher at STEPI has spanned over Two decades and also in government, science and technology societies, universities and independent civil organizations.

He serves as a fellow for Fiscal Policy Advisory Committee (2015.4~now), He is the director at the international Research and Training Center for Science and Technology Strategy (CISTRAT, 2012.9~now)

Prior to his recent occupations, he was a fellow at the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC, 2013.7~2015.6). and Creative Economy Selective Committee of the Federation of Korean Industries (FKI, 2013.4~2013.12). Also he was an executive advisor of the Education and Science Policy Division at the 18TH Presidential Transition Committee (2013.1 ~ 2013.2). He was the president of the Korean Society for Technology Management and Economics (2010.3~2011.2) and the Advisor to Minister of Science & Technology (1999.8~2001.2).

At Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology (KAIST, 1994) and Sogang University of Korea (2004), he worked as an acting professor. Also he was in George Mason University, USA as a visiting scholar for pursuing his research (1997.8 ~ 1998.7). He specialized in public economics, innovation policy, technology management.

He holds a B.A. and M.A. in Economics from Sogang University and Ph.D. in Economics from Texas A&M University.

Plenary Title: Transition to Open Science: Opportunities and Challenges

This presentation introduces emerging open science practices in recent years, and discusses their implications to science policy in the future. In particular, it articulates underlying socio-technical factors which drive open science, and how these factors will influence the way of doing science in the future. In addition, it presents key missions and tasks given to us in order to turn expected challenges into new opportunities in science.

Hong Gil Nam

Prof. Hong Gil Nam received his Ph.D. degree from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA in 1985. From 1986 to 1988, He worked at the Harvard Medical School as a research fellow. He is a pioneer in the field of life history, aging, senescence and death in plants. His further research interests cover comparative aging in diverse kingdoms including plant and animals to reveal the aging mechanisms among species, cross-kingdom interaction between plants and animals, and biochemistry at nano-and micro levels. He established the Korean Society for Bioinformatics and Systems Biology in 1999. He has served as editorial board in Molecular Plant since 2013. He is a founding member of the Department of Life Sciences and the School of Interdisciplinary Bioscience and Bioengineering (I-Bio), POSTECH where he served until 2012. Recognition of his achievements has led him to be selected as one of the National Scientists of Korea in 2010. Currently he is the director of Center for Plant Aging Research, Institute for Basic Science (IBS) and a founding member & Fellow Professor of the Department of New Biology, DGIST.

Plenary Title: How do we age and die?

Aging and the following death are an inevitable fate of most organisms. How and why organisms age and die have been long-standing, fundamental questions in human culture. Yet, the molecular understanding of the aging process is still largely limited. We have been trying to reveal the enigmas of the aging process using plants as a model system, with genetic, molecular, and systems biology approaches. The questions we are asking are "how organisms recognize the passage of time through the lifespan?", "how organisms turn the passage of time into successive physiological changes?", and "can we control the aging process?" To further our insight into these questions, we have begun a comparative study of aging across species, including mouse, worms, and fishes. In this talk, we will discuss the insights we obtained through these studies with some perspectives on human aging. We will also briefly discuss our initial efforts to find the fundamental characteristics of “lifeness.”

Sunghoon Kim

Prof. Sunghoon Kim graduated Seoul National University as Bachelor of Science, then received Master degree at KAIST and PhD at Brown University, USA in Bio-Medicine. He is one of the global leaders in translational research connecting the knowledges of basic life science to drug discovery and medicine. He is currently a professor at Seoul National University, leading Korea’s biggest research project named “Biocon” that is a unique platform for the innovation of drug discovery.

His peronal research interest is in uncovering hidden functions of human aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (ARSs) and their pathophysiological connections to human diseases. He has published nearly 200 research articles in top-notched journals with numerous related patents. He has contributed to the foundation of several biotech companies in US as well as Korea, some of which are listed in Nastaq. With his contributions in life science and biotech industry, he received numerous prestigious awards such as the National Scientist award (2003), the Presidential Award (2006), The Korean National Academy of Science Award (2012) and Hoam Prize in Medicine (2015) etc. He is a member of Korea Academy of Science and Technology (KAST) and the National Academy of Science (NAS).

Plenary Title: Paving a New Road to Cure

Drug discovery is a multi-disciplinary research and development process with high risk of failure, throwing a big challenge to human health and economy. This problem is multi-factorial and cannot be overcome by a single solution. Medicinal Bioconvergence Research Center (Biocon) is a national project of Korea initiated in 2010 to innovate the early stages of drug discovery, particularly focusing on novel “target and lead” discovery that constitutes a critical bottleneck for new drug discovery. This lecture would introduce unique research platform, working code and strategy of Biocon and describe the focused research area with some case studies in more detail.

Mathias Uhlen

Dr Uhlen research is focused on protein science, antibody engineering and precision medicine and range from basic research in human and microbial biology to more applied research, including clinical applications. The research has resulted more than 650 publications with a current h-index of 100 (Google Scholar). His group was the first to describe a number of innovations in science including:

• engineered protein A and protein G for purification of antibodies
• affinity tags for purification of recombinant fusion proteins
• solid phase methods for DNA handling using the biotin-streptavidin system
• Pyrosequencing leading to the first next generation DNA sequencing instrument
• Affibodies – protein binders aimed for therapeutic applications

Since 2003, he has led an international effort to systematically map the human proteome with antibodies and to create an open source knowledge-based resource called the Human Protein Atlas (www.proteinatlas.org).

Plenary Title: The Human Protein Atlas - implications for human biology, drug development and precision medicine

The human proteins constitute the major building blocks for the function of the various processes necessary for human life. We have classified all the protein coding genes in humans using a combination of genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and antibody-based profiling. We have classified all the protein coding genes in humans using a combination of genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and antibody-based profiling and used this data to study the global protein expression patterns in human cells, tissues and organs. A Tissue Atlas was launch in 2014 (Uhlen et al, Science, 2015), a Cell Atlas in 2016 (Thul et al, Science, in press) and a Pathology Atlas will be launched in 2017. Recently, we have also set-up an animal cell factory using CHO cells using synthetic biology and high-throughput expression systems with the aim to produce full-length proteins representing all the 2,900 secreted proteins encoded in human genome.

Axel Timmermann

Axel Timmermann conducted his PhD research at the Max Planck Institute of Meteorology in Hamburg, Germany and received his PhD in Meteorology in 1999 from the University of Hamburg. After 2 years as a postdoc in the Netherlands and 3 years as research team leader at the IfM-GEOMAR/University of Kiel, Germany he moved to the University of Hawaii to work first as an associate professor and then from 2009- 2016 as a full tenured professor at the International Pacific Research Center and the Department of Oceanography. In January 2017 Dr. Timmermann became the Director of the new IBS Center for Climate Physics (ICCP) at Pusan National University, where he also holds a Distinguished Professorship.

In 2008 Axel Timmermann received the prestigious Rosenstiel Award in Oceanographic Science for his fundamental contributions to ocean science. In 2015 he was awarded the University of Hawai’i Regents’ Medal for Research Excellence and in the same year he also became a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union. In April 2017 Prof. Timmermann received the Milankovic Medal from the European Geosciences Union in 2017 for fundamental and pioneering contributions to the understanding of climate dynamics at different spatial and temporal scales. He has published over 150 peer-reviewed articles on subjects ranging from Quark-Gluon Plasma, relativistic hydrodynamics, the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, glacial cycles, abrupt climate change, climate prediction, human migration, bio-optics, hydrodynamics and dynamical systems’ theory.

Plenary Title: El Niño - the unpredictable child

The 2015/16 El Niño event was one of the strongest ever recorded. The warming in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific shifted atmospheric weather patterns, wreaking havoc across many regions of the globe. This presentation reviews the mechanisms that trigger, intensify and terminate El Niño events and discusses why these events are so difficult to forecast. A critical outlook will be provided into the longterm future of this prominent climate mode and how it may change in response to greenhouse warming.

Ryong Ryoo

Ryong Ryoo (e-mail: rryoo@kaist.ac.kr, web: rryoo.kaist.ac.kr) is a Distinguished Professor at KAIST, and at the same time, he is the Director of ‘Center for Nanomaterials and Chemical Reactions’ in a Korea’s new institute called ‘Institute for Basic Science’, or ‘IBS’ in short. He obtained his PhD degree on heterogeneous catalysis from Stanford in 1986. After doing a one-year postdoctoral work on solid-state NMR at UC Berkeley, he became faculty at KAIST. He is well recognized for his synthesis of CMK mesoporous carbons using silica template, and also synthesis of mesoporous zeolites using surfactants. Recently, he developed a new catalytic carbonization route using La3+, Y3+ and Ca2+ ions inside zeolite pores. He demonstrated that 3-dimensional graphenic carbons could be readily synthesized via the catalytic carbonization process using zeolite templates. He received Breck Award from IZA in 2010. His research interests lie in nanostructured materials.

Plenary Title: Functional Mesoporous Materials Better Catalysis

The discovery of ordered mesoporous materials (pore diameters = 2 ~ 50 nm) has stimulated numerous researches in the field of porous materials, gas adsorption, separation, drug delivery, electrical energy storage, and catalysis during the last two decades. The uniform mesopores have given new opportunities for researchers to investigate physicochemical properties according to the specifically tailored pore diameters. The pore walls can be made of amorphous silica, other metal oxides, carbons, organic polymers, and even with microporous crystalline aluminosilicate zeolites in recent years. The pore walls can be functionalized with organic or other inorganic groups. This has been giving a big impact in various fields of current science and technologies. In the present lecture, I would like to overview the synthesis and applicability of the functional mesoporous materials [1 - 4]. In particular, this lecture will emphasize synthetic strategies developed in my laboratory for mesoporous zeolites, which exhibit new exciting catalytic properties.

Gunnar Öquist

Gunnar Öquist´s field of research is stress and adaptation mechanisms in photosynthesis with a particular emphasis on elucidating the physiological responses of photosynthesis under the combined conditions of low temperature and high light. He has worked with photosynthesis of overwintering evergreens, herbaceous plants, cynobacteria and algae under contrasting environmental conditions. Professor Öquist has ca. 170 publications in international journals. Impact: classified by Thomson-Reuters as an ISI Highly Cited Researcher in 2002 (http://isihighlycited.com/). Professor Öquist was head of the Department of Plant Physiology at Umeå University between 1981 and 2003. Professor Öquist was the head of the Swedish Natural Science Research Council between 1993 and 2000, and he was the Permanent Secretary of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences between 2003 and 2010. Between 2003 and 2010 he was also member and vice chair of the Board of the Nobel Foundation. He has been member of the Board of the European Science Foundation, the European Research Advisory Board, the Boards of Umeå University, Bergen University and Karlstad University, and the Board of the Danish National Research Foundation. He is currently chair of the Science Advisory Board of the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, member of the European Research Council Expert Group for Program Monitoring and Evaluation, and he is member of the International Advisory Board for the Centre for Excellence in Education in Biology in Bergen. Professor Öquist has also served on many other science advisory boards and he has lead several national and international reviews of science and research. Today, Professor Öquist is engaged in the science policy debate both nationally in Sweden and internationally. Professor Öquist is member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the Royal Society of Canada, the Australian Academy of Sciences, Academia Europea, Societas Scientiarum Fennica, Kungl. Fysiografiska Sällskapet och Kungl. Skytteanska Samfundet. He is also honorable member of the Swedish Young Academy. Professor Öquist is also honorable doctor at Marie Curie-Skledowska University in Lublin, Polen, and at Copenhagen University, Copenhagen, Denmark. Professor Öquist has received a number of medals and international orders for his research achievements.

Plenary Title: Research systems in some European countries and South Korea

In my talk, I will as an introduction discuss two different views on research. On the one hand, it is a useful tool to solve problems within the conceptual frame of long standing hypotheses and theories, and on the other hand, a risky endeavour to challenge accepted views and perspectives with an increased potential for scientific or technological breakthroughs. Based on a comparison of bibliometric statistics, I will then discuss characteristics of research systems in some European countries and South Korea to see how research policies are conformable to the two views. I will also make some general reflexions about research systems in Asian countries in general. I will finish by outlining requirements for fostering more of breakthrough or transformative research and innovation with an increased potential to open up new windows of opportunities for mankind. More than 100 years of Nobel Prizes underline the importance to foster research endeavours at this level.